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Anthropometric variation in the population of the island of Pag (eastern Adriatic, Croatia) was investigated by using data on 14 head and 24 body dimensions. The data were related to past and present migration patterns, geography, and linguistics. The analyses revealed heterogeneity among three population groups inhabiting geographically defined regions of the island and heterogeneity among the village populations. The congruence between anthropometric variation, migration history, geographic distances, and current linguistic features says much for the strength of the isolating factors on this ecologically uniform island, which have effected the genetic structure of the population.