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Linear and angular measurements obtained from standardized cephalometric radiographs are used to describe the craniofacial features of two skeletal populations from Israel. The specimens, 30 juvenile and 45 adult, were excavated from Dor and Tel Halif and dated from the 17th to 19th centuries. Although the adult male and female skulls are similar in shape, the dimorphism in linear distances ranges from about 4% to 15%.The small overall size of the early Arab skulls is probably genetic in origin although growth impairment may have resulted from the chronic ill-health known to exist in the populations at that time.