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Principal components analysis was used to study the distribu­tion of adipose tissue in adult Tokelau Islanders. Approximately one half of the sample migrated as young adults and settled in New Zealand. An analy­sis of variance revealed significant influence of migration (p = .001) on the Relative Fat Pattern (RFP). The migrants’ RFP reflects a greater proportion of fat on the trunk and on the upper part of the body compared to the non­migrants. The change on the RFP in the migrants is consistent with the changes on morbidity reported by other authors for the same population.