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A variety of anthropometric measurements were taken on a sample of ninety-eight pulmonary tuberculosis (T.B.) patients (64 males, 34 females) from Taung, Bophuthatswana, southern Africa. These data were compared to a sample of 117 individuals (55 males, 62 females) from the same area and or the same tribal group (Tswana). The patients were significantly older and shorter than normal subjects, but had relatively longer leg lengths and shorter sitting heights in keeping with an ectomorphic physique which is known to characterise the disease. In addition patients were found to have significantly smaller bi-acromial diameters and significantly greater bi-iliac diameters. Analysis of gynandromorphy showed the patients, both male and female, to be significantly more gynandromorphic than normal subjects even when age was controlled by analysis of covariance. This significantly greater gynandromorphy was due mainly to increased hip widths.