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Finger prints of 420 male and female subjects from Bologna (Italy) were analyzed. Sexual dimorphism and bilateral asymmetry were observed in the group. Differences in the frequency distribution of fingertip patterns in Italy with regards to the regional average were examined and biological distances were computed by Distance Coefficients, R and Xz. An increase in the frequency of whorls from north to south Italy and an increase in biological distance with increasing geographical distance were found.