Stature and weight measurements of 116 individuals with Turner’s syndrome were obtained from hospital histories. The following anthropometric measurements were made on a subset of 52 individuals: sitting height, biacromial width, biiliac width, total ami length, arm segment lengths, head length, breadth and circumference, triceps and subscapular skinfolds. Measurements were grouped by bone age (2 to 17 years for height, weight and head circumference; 10 to 17 years for all other measurements), and compared statistically with normal female standards. Two ratios, sitting height/stature and biiliac width/biacromial width were compared with normal standards. Z-scores were plotted for all measurements and Z-score somatic profiles prepared for adult Turners. Growth deficiency was greatest in stature followed in order by sitting height, arm length, biacromial width, biiliac width, weight, skinfolds and head measurements. Reduction in size along the longitudinal body axis exceeded that of body width measurements. Immature Turners showed a tendency to be short-legged, while adults were proportioned like normal females in this respect. In biiliac width/biacromial width Turners were intermediate between normal males and females during childhood, but as adults came to resemble females. Overall, Turners exhibited a dysplastic body shape, resembling neither normal adult females nor girls of equivalent height.
"Body Shape in Turner’s Syndrome,"
2, Article 12.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/humbiol/vol49/iss2/12