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The coefficients of correlation between 30 anthropobiological and five climatic variables are recomputed in data from sub-Saharan African populations. Changes in the value and/or statistical significance of a number of coefficients are observed. The coefficients suggest that the M, O, Ro andr alleles are probably independent of climate in sub-Saharan Africa. An explanation of the apparent association of B, RA and fl2 frequencies with climate is proposed in terms of a sensitivity of lethal agents or of their intermediary hosts to climate, by analogy with the Hb* case. Fingerprint patterns and some metric variables, like head length, are found to be independent of climate. The relevance of Bergmann’s rule in the interpretation of body measurement from sub-Saharan Africa is discussed.