Blood and serum group examinations were made on Hungarian Gypsies. The systems examined were: A1A.,BO,MN, Bh(C,Cw,c,D,E,e), haptoglobin and Gm( 1) factor. The tests were done on 507-600 persons. In the different systems examined the phenotype and gene frequency values were the following. A,A.,BO system: Aj = 30.83%, = 3.50%, A = 34.33%, B =28.00%, A,B = 9.42%, A2B = 1.24%, AB = 10.66%; Gene frequencies: p, = 0.2308, p2 = 0.0327,'p = 0.2635, q = 0.2169, r = 0.5196. M-N system: M = 30.97%, MN = 49.81%, N = 19.22%; Gene frequency for M = 0.5588. Rh system: Hh phenotypes eeddee = 9.66%, CcDee -f- CcDDee = 37.47%, Ccddee = 0.60%, CGDdee + CCDDee = 39.84%, ccDee + ccDDee = 0.40%, CeDEe = 8.48%, ccDEe + ccDEE = 3.55%, CCDEe = 0.00%, Rh(D) negativity = 10.26%, Cw positivity = 1.6%. Hp system: Hp 1-1 = 5.77%, Hp 2-2 = 64.61%, Hp 2-1 = 29.23%, Hp 0-0 = 0.39%; Gene frequency for Hp1 = 0.20389. Serum Hp level (mean value) = 123.0 1 mg%. The mean values of the different Hp types: Hp 1-1 = 155.0 mg%, Hp 2-1 = 132.0 mg%, Hp 2-2 = 112.0 mg%. Gm (1) factor: frequency of the factor Gm( 1 )= 61.91%, gene frequency for Gm1 + 12 = 0.3763. Comparison of the authors results with those of blood and serum group examinations performed on Indian (Pakistani) populations show that the phenotype and gene frequency values of Hungarian Gypsies are similar to those of North- and especially North West Indian (Pakistani) populations. On that basis the authors consider their results as evidence of the North Indian origin of European Gypsies.
Rex-Kiss, B; Szabó, L; Szabó, S; and Hartmann, Éva
"ABO,MN, Rh Blood Groups, Hp Types and Hp Level, Gm(l) Factor Investigations on the Gypsy Population of Hungary,"
1, Article 6.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/humbiol/vol45/iss1/6