Many of the "personality disorders" defined by the DSM-III and DSM-III-R are really "role negotiation problems." Without fair, problem-solving oriented negotiations, people find it difficult to construct satisfying ways of life. This, for example, is true of passive-aggressive and histrionic strategies, and, if not recognized as such, interferes with effective clinical interventions.
Fein, Melvyn L.
"Personality Disorders or Role Negotiation Problems?,"
Clinical Sociology Review: Vol. 9
, Article 7.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/csr/vol9/iss1/7