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Since the mid-1990s, Botswana has pursued a policy of telecommunications liberalisation. This article, based on fieldwork conducted in Botswana in the summer of 2000, analyzes several notable aspects of the process of reform and denotes those worthy of emulation by other African states. The participation and protection of domestic telecommunication users, transparency in decision-making, the creation of an independent regulatory agency, and the introduction of competition in the form of private cellular service providers are among those policy features that are recommended for replication. Various facets of the tendering process and subsequent licences granted to the mobile operators as well as recent legislation are also examined and commended.


African Studies | Communication | Infrastructure | Policy Design, Analysis, and Evaluation


This is the author’s final manuscript version, post-peer-review, of a work accepted for publication in Telecommunications Policy. Changes resulting from the publishing process may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. This version has been formatted for archiving; a definitive version was subsequently published in Telecommunications Policy as referenced in the recommended citation.