Document Type



To learn to write well-reasoned persuasive arguments, students need in situ help thinking through the complexity and complications of an issue, making inferences based on evidence, and hierarchically grouping and logically sequencing ideas. They rely on teachers to make this happen. In this article, the authors explain the framework they used and describe how they taught reasoning to students at an alternative high school, where they recorded what happened.


Education | Secondary Education and Teaching | Teacher Education and Professional Development


This is the publisher's (National Council of Teachers of English) PDF Version of the article, previously appearing as:

Rex, L.A., Thomas, E.E. & Engel, S. (July 2010). Applying Toulmin: Teaching Logical Reasoning and Argumentative Writing. English Journal 99(6), 56-61.

Copyright 2010 National Council of Teachers of English.