Document Type



As cyberphysical systems research advances, energy systems will be able to benefit from the developments. In this section, we discuss several points in two newer areas for cyberphysical systems research in chemical engineering: 1) cybersecurity of process control systems; and 2) quantum computation of control actions. The discussion is presented in a general manner, with relevance to flow systems or under traditional control laws (e.g., proportional control). However, to showcase energy systems relevance, we will provide links, at intervals, between the developments discussed and enhanced geothermal systems with energy production through the Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC).


Process Control and Systems


This content may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the publisher. This material originally appeared in Li, Mingheng. (ed) (2023). Energy Systems and Processes: Recent Advances in Design and Control, AIP Publishing,, and may be found at

Available for download on Sunday, July 27, 2025