Concrete masonry unit walls subjected to blast pressure were analyzed with the finite element method, with the goal of developing a computationally-efficient and accurate model. Wall behavior can be grouped into three modes of failure, which correspond to three ranges of blast pressures. Computational results were compared to high-speed video images and debris velocities obtained from experimental data. A parametric analysis was conducted to determine the sensitivity of computed results to critical modeling values. It was found that the model has the ability to replicate experimental results with good agreement. However, it was also found that, without knowledge of actual material properties of the specific wall to be modeled, computational results are not reliable predictors of wall behavior.
Applied Mechanics | Computer-Aided Engineering and Design | Structural Engineering
Eamon, C. D., Baylot, J. T., and O'Daniel, J. L. (2004). "Modeling concrete masonry walls subjected to explosive loads." Journal of Engineering Mechanics, 130(9), 1098-1106, doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9399(2004)130:9(1098)