Open Access Dissertation
Date of Award
Civil and Environmental Engineering
Christopher D. Eamon
RELIABILITY MODEL FOR DUCTILE HYBRID FRP REBAR USING RANDOMLY DISPERSED CHOPPED FIBERS
Fiber reinforced polymer composites or simply FRP composites have become more attractive to civil engineers in the last two decades due to their unique mechanical properties. However, there are many obstacles such as low elasticity modulus, non-ductile behavior, high cost of the fibers, high manufacturing costs, and absence of rigorous characterization of the uncertainties of the mechanical properties that restrict the use of these composites. However, when FRP composites are used to develop reinforcing rebars in concrete structural members to replace the conventional steel, a huge benefit can be achieved since FRP materials don't corrode.
Two FRP rebar models are proposed that make use of multiple types of fibers to achieve ductility, and chopped fibers are used to reduce the manufacturing costs. In order to reach the most optimum fractional volume of each type of fiber, to minimize the cost of the proposed rebars, and to achieve a safe design by considering uncertainties in the materials and geometry of sections, appropriate material resistance factors have been developed, and a Reliability Based Design Optimization (RBDO), has been conducted for the proposed schemes.
Behnam, Bashar Ramzi, "Reliability model for ductile hybrid frp rebar using randomly dispersed chopped fibers" (2012). Wayne State University Dissertations. Paper 425.