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Date of Award
With the advance of scanning and imaging technology, more and more 3D objects become available. Among them, deformable objects have gained increasing interests. They include medical instances such as organs, a sequence of objects in motion, and objects of similar shapes where a meaningful correspondence can be established between each other. Thus, it requires tools to store, compare, and retrieve them. Many of these operations depend on successful shape recovery. Shape recovery is the task to retrieve an object from the environment where its geometry is hidden or implicitly known. As a simple and versatile tool, mesh is widely used in computer graphics for modelling and visualization. In particular, deformable meshes are meshes which can take the deformation of deformable objects. They extend the modelling ability of meshes. This dissertation focuses on using deformable meshes to approach the 3D shape recovery problem.
Several models are presented to solve the challenges for shape recovery under different circumstances. When the object is hidden in an image, a PDE deformable model is designed to extract its surface shape. The algorithm uses a mesh representation so that it can model any non-smooth surface with an arbitrary precision compared to a parametric model. It is more computational efficient than a level-set approach. When the explicit geometry of the object is known but is hidden in a bank of shapes, we simplify the deformation of the model to a graph matching procedure through a hierarchical surface abstraction approach. The framework is used for shape matching and retrieval. This idea is further extended to retain the explicit geometry during the abstraction. A novel motion abstraction framework for deformable meshes is devised based on clustering of local transformations and is successfully applied to 3D motion compression.
Liu, Chang, "Deformable meshes for shape recovery: models and applications" (2011). Wayne State University Dissertations. Paper 356.