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Access Type

WSU Access

Date of Award

January 2011

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph.D.

Department

Nutrition and Food Science

First Advisor

Pramod Khosla

Abstract

ABSTRACT

DEVELOPMENT OF INTERVENTIONS AIMED AT REDUCING OBESITY AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE RISK IN A DIVERSE POPULATION OF COLLEGE-AGE YOUNG ADULTS

by

JANICE MARIE WHINTER RUEDA

May 2011

Advisor: Dr. Pramod Khosla

Major: Nutrition & Food Science

Degree: Doctor of Philosophy

Obesity in the United States has increased dramatically over the past 30 years, and the country has fallen far short of the stated objective of Healthy People 2010 of reducing the prevalence of adult obesity to 15%. Among children, obesity has increased most significantly in the 12-19 year old age group. It is well established that obesity is associated with markers of metabolic dysfunction that increase the risk of development of chronic diseases including type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD), and these risk factors have been reported in college students. Transition from high school to college is characterized by changes in lifestyle and dietary habits that are associated with weight gain, and patterns established at this critical life stage can affect long-term weight management and development of CVD risk. The goal of this project was to identify potential interventions aimed at reducing obesity and associated risk factors for CVD in a diverse population of young adults.