Chitosan films incorporated with various concentrations of gallic acid were prepared and investigated for antimicrobial, mechanical, physical and structural properties. Four bacterial strains that commonly contaminate food products were chosen as target bacteria to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of the prepared gallic acid-chitosan films. The incorporation of gallic acid significantly increased the antimicrobial activities of the films against Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium, Listeria innocua and Bacillus subtilis. Chitosan films incorporated with 1.5 g/100 g gallic acid showed the strongest antimicrobial activity. It was also found that tensile strength (TS) of chitosan film was significantly increased when incorporating 0.5 g/100 g gallic acid. Inclusion of 0.5 g/100 g gallic acid also significantly decreased water vapor permeability (WVP) and oxygen permeability (OP). Microstructure of the films was investigated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and it was found that gallic acid was dispersed homogenously into the chitosan matrix.
Microbiology | Molecular, Genetic, and Biochemical Nutrition
Sun, X., Wang, Z., Kadouh, H., & Zhou, K. The antimicrobial, mechanical, physical and structural properties of chitosan-gallic acid films. LWT - Food Science and Technology 57(1): 83-89. doi: 10.1016/j.lwt.2013.11.037