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Cerebral palsy, a neurological disorder that appears in infancy or early childhood and permanently affects body movement and muscle coordination, affects 10,000 newborns yearly and 800,000 people overall in the U.S. It occurs as a result of injury to the developing brain that happens before birth or sometimes during the first few months or years of life. Conditions such as prematurity, maternal infections, placental abnormalities and infections such as meningitis or encephalitis that occur in the newborn period may result in brain injury producing cerebral palsy. A team of researchers from the College of Engineering, School of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health’s Perinatal Research Branch have been collaborating to discover and develop new nanodevices that will aid in the diagnosis and treatment of neuroinflammatory diseases and infections that currently are difficult to target and treat.