To evaluate whether distributions by sex are judged to be unfair, children at ages 6, 8, and 10, and adults (N = 96), judged an authority distributing items to children by using different methods (i.e., randomly or by sex), types of items (i.e., related or unrelated to gender norms), and differences in the equivalency of the items (i.e., equivalent or unequal). Children often approved of equivalent distributions by sex and unequal distributions by sex when items were related to gender norms. The 6- and 8-year-olds, but not 10-year-olds and adults, perceived that everyone would agree to the method of distribution. Only adults were more critical of distributions by sex than random distributions.
"Children’s Judgments of Inequitable Distributions That Conform to Gender Norms,"
3, Article 1.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/mpq/vol61/iss3/1