This study examined associations between sociometric status and friendship quality using observational and questionnaire data from 139 fourth-grade girls and their friends. Multivariate analyses of covariance (controlling for ethnicity and socioeconomic status) showed that rejected girls and their friends did not differ in their reported friendship quality compared to average or popular girls. However, coded behavioral observations revealed that compared to other girls, rejected girls displayed more negative affect, bossiness, and deviance but less positive gossip, negative gossip, prosocial behavior, and social competence. Furthermore, as a dyad, compared to other girls, rejected girls and their friends exhibited less behavioral maturity and poorer conflict resolution skills. These results are important in advancing understanding of ways in which rejected girls may perpetuate their problems in peer contexts.
Lansford, Jennifer E.; Putallaz, Martha; Grimes, Christina L.; Schiro-Osman, Kimberlea A.; Kupersmidt, Janis B.; and Coie, John D.
"Perceptions of Friendship Quality and Observed
Behaviors with Friends: How do Sociometrically
Rejected, Average, and Popular Girls Differ?,"
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Vol. 52
, Article 4.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/mpq/vol52/iss4/4