Alkaline phosphatase (AP) activity is stage specific in mouse embryos and may be associated with compaction and separation of trophectoderm from inner cell mass in preimplantation development. We previously sequenced a cDNA and two mouse AP genes that could contribute to the AP activity in embryos. Oligonucleotide primers were constructed from the three sequences and used in the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction technique to establish that two of the three AP isozymes are transcribed during preimplantation development. The predominant transcript (E-AP) is from a gene highly homologous to the human tissue-specific APs, but different from the mouse intestinal AP. Tissue non- specific (TN) AP also is transcribed, but there is approximately 10 times less TN-AP than E-AP tran- script. The TN-AP isozyme is the predominant tran- script of 7 to 14 day embryos and primordial germ cells. A switch in predominance from E-AP to TN-AP must occur during early postimplantation development. This study establishes a framework for experiments to determine the functions of the two isozymes during preimplantation development.
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Hahnel, Ann C.; Rappolee, Daniel A.; Millan, Jose Luis; Manes, Thomas; Ziomek, Carol A.; Theodosiou, Nicoleta G.; Werb, Zena; Pedersen, Roger A.; and Schultz, Gilbert A., "Two alkaline phosphatase genes are expressed during early development in the mouse embryo" (1990). Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research Publications. Paper 2.