For nearly two centuries the English theatrical tradition of Christmas pantomime has served as a significant medium for the transmission of fairy tales. Highly profitable and erotically charged, pantomime complicates received histories of the genre. By the late nineteenth century a select number of tales had emerged as panto standards-the vast majority of which originated in French print traditions. In a print domain increasingly dominated by field-based collections and a new breed of literary tale, pantomimes maintained cultural centrality while simultaneously providing a vocabulary with which Victorian commentators would criticize French literary fairy tales.
Schacker, Jennifer. "Fairy Gold: The Economics and Erotics of Fairy-Tale Pantomime." Marvels & Tales 26.2 (2012). Web. <http://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/marvels/vol26/iss2/1>.