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Abstract

This Monte Carlo simulation study assessed the degree of classification success associated with resubstitution methods in latent class analysis (LCA) and compared those results to those of the leaveone- out (L-O-O) method for computing classification success. Specifically, this study considered a latent class model with two classes, dichotomous manifest variables, restricted conditional probabilities for each latent class and relatively small sample sizes. The performance of resubstitution and L-O-O methods on the lambda classification index was assessed by examining the degree of bias.

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