The success of state estimation depends on the number, type and location of the established meters and RTUs on the system. A new method by incorporating conventional measurements and New Technology of Phasor Measurement Units (PMU) is proposed. Conventional meters (power injection and power flow measurements) are allocated in order to reduce the number of meters, RTUs, critical measurements, critical sets and leverage points, and also to improve the numerical stability of equations; a genetic algorithm is used for optimization. A second step involves adding PMUs in areas in which it is expected that the accuracy of state estimation will be improved.
Kaihani, Reza and Seifi, Ali Reza
"Optimal Meter Placement by Reconciliation Conventional Measurements and Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs),"
Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods:
1, Article 29.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/jmasm/vol9/iss1/29