An estimator of the covariance matrix in signal processing is derived when the noise covariance matrix is arbitrary based on the method of maximum likelihood estimation. The estimator is a continuous function of the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the matrix Σ̂11/2S∗Σ̂11/2, where S∗ is the sample covariance matrix of observations consisting of both noise and signals and Σ̂1 is the estimator of covariance matrix based on observations consisting of noise only. Strong consistency and asymptotic normality of the estimator are briefly discussed.
"Estimation of Covariance Matrix in Signal Processing When the Noise Covariance Matrix is Arbitrary,"
Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods: Vol. 7
, Article 16.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/jmasm/vol7/iss1/16