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Abstract

This article presents applications for the analysis of multilevel ordinal response data through the proportional odds model. Data are drawn from the public-use Early Childhood Longitudinal Study. Results showed that gender, number of family risk characteristics, and age at kindergarten entry were associated with initial reading proficiency (0 to 5 scale). The number of family risks and age were associated with time-slopes. Three issues are highlighted: building multilevel ordinal models, interpretation of multilevel effects; and determination of predicted probabilities based on results of the multilevel proportional odds models.

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