#### Article Title

Testing Point Null Hypothesis of a Normal Mean and the Truth: 21st Century Perspective

#### Abstract

Testing a point (sharp) null hypothesis is arguably the most widely used statistical inferential procedure in many fields of scientific research, nevertheless, the most controversial, and misapprehended. Since 1935 when Buchanan-Wollaston raised the first criticism against hypothesis testing, this foundational field of statistics has drawn increasingly active and stronger opposition, including draconian suggestions that statistical significance testing should be abandoned or even banned. Statisticians should stop ignoring these accumulated and significant anomalies within the current point-null hypotheses paradigm and rebuild healthy foundations of statistical science. The foundation for a paradigm shift in testing statistical hypotheses is suggested, which is testing interval null hypotheses based on implications of the Zero probability paradox. It states that in a real-world research point-null hypothesis of a normal mean has zero probability. This implies that formulated point-null hypothesis of a mean in the context of the simple normal model is almost surely false. Thus, Zero probability paradox points to the root cause of so-called large *n* problem in significance testing. It discloses that there is no point in searching for a cure under the current point-null paradigm.

#### DOI

10.22237/jmasm/1478001660