One-hundred three individuals from two Mongolian, two Siberian, and ten native American populations were studied in relation to a 340- bp sequence from an Alu insertion located in the 3 untranslated region of the LDLR gene. Seven haplotypes have been determined, and haplotype B1 was the most common, accounting for about half the sequences found. In general, diversity values are quite high, about 2.5 times higher than those found in other autosomal Alu sequences. Almost all (93%) of the variability occurs at the intrapopulation level, but the greatest among-group differentiation (6–8%) was found when we grouped in a single population all Native Americans plus Siberian Eskimos and Chukchi and compared them with Mongolians. This result is compatible with earlier mtDNA and Y-chromosome suggestions of a single origin for the first colonizers of the American continent. With this nuclear locus it was not possible to broadly distinguish between Central and South American natives. No evidence of selection or marked demographic changes was obtained with these data.
Heller, A. H.; Salzano, F. M.; Barrantes, R.; Krylov, M.; Benevolenskaya, L.; Arnett, F. C.; Munkhbat, B.; Munkhtuvshin, N.; Tsuji, K.; Hutz, M. H.; Carnese, F. R.; Goioechea, A. S.; Freitas, L. B.; and Bonatto, S. L.
"Intra- and Intercontinental Molecular Variability of an Alu
Insertion in the 3 Untranslated Region of the LDLR Gene,"
4, Article 7.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/humbiol/vol76/iss4/7