The FRC, RV, VC, TLC, RV/TLC (%), FVC, FEV1.0, FEF25-75%, and FEV1.0/FVC (%) were measured in 161 South Australian females aged 18.4-81.2 yr using a Stead-Wells spirometer and helium analyzer. Multiple regression equations were generated to predict these lung volume and spirometric parameters from the best weighted combination of age, mass, standing height, and various other anthropometric variables (FRC: R = 0.715, SEE = 387 ml; RV: R = 0.684, SEE = 256 ml; VC: R = 0.815, SEE = 383 ml; TLC: R = 0.754, SEE = 468 ml; RV/TLC: R = 0.780, SEE = 4.2%; FVC: R = 0.839, SEE = 375 ml; FEV1.0: R = 0.869, SEE = 326 ml; FEV1.0/FVC: R = 0.644, SEE = 5.7%; FEF25-75%: R = 0.753, SEE = 802 ml/s). The range of normality for the lung volumes was defined as the predicted value plus or minus the 95% confidence interval (two-tailed test), and the lower limit of normality for the spirometric variables was designated as the predicted value minus the 95% confidence interval (one-tailed test). Cross-validation of other equations in the literature indicates that they are of limited use for the sample and instrumentation used in this study.
Withers, R. T. and Lemmey, A. B.
"Lung Volume and Spirometric Standards for Healthy Female Lifetime Nonsmokers,"
3, Article 4.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/humbiol/vol61/iss3/4