Using the Valk knemometer, lower leg length (LLL) was assessed relative to changes in the positioning of the upper leg. Lowering the chair height of the knemometer resulted in a more acute angle between the upper and lower leg and a decrease in LLL. This decrease in measurement was attributed to changes in the anatomical surface of the knee underlying the measuring platform as a result of increasing the acuity of the leg angle. Based on four different leg positions, the average change in LLL per centimeter change in chair height was 0.607 mm in a child sample of 50, and 0.655 mm in an adult sample of 20. The difference in chair height with the leg angle at 90° and the lowest chair height possible, ranged from 12.3 to 30.3 mm, relative to lower leg length. This meant the longest leg in the study had a LLL measurement differing by 19.8 mm between these two positions. Due to the effect of leg position, we advised the use of a standard method of measuring LLL with respect to leg angle. Given the difficulties in accurately measuring leg angle with current available tools, we advise the most acute angle.
Schentag, C. T.; Dean, H. J.; and Winter, J. S. D.
"The Effect of Leg Position on Knemometric Measurements of Lower Leg Length,"
2, Article 8.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/humbiol/vol61/iss2/8