This paper concerns the influence of religion on the Chicago School of Sociology. After showing the marginal importance that religion had in early sociological American studies, this article takes issue with those interpretations that do not acknowledge that the Chicago School remained interested in the topic of religion even after it had freed itself of theological influence in order to concentrate more on solving the problems in America at that time. It is the author's opinion that the Chicago School promoted religious research not only during the time of Albion W. Small and Charles R. Henderson when theological interest was strong, but later too, when a number of studies concerning the problems of the city were written, as well as other studies that sought a greater understanding of the ethnic factor. The purpose of this paper is to try to interpret the role religion played in the various kinds of research produced by the Chicago sociologists during the golden age of the School.

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