The purpose of this study was to examine predictors of social physique anxiety (SPA). SPA, self-esteem, body-esteem, public body consciousness (PBC) and percent body fat (%BF) were assessed with elite female youth athletes (N = 68) competing in either figure skating, soccer or gymnastics. Stepwise multiple regression analyses, controlling for BF%, accounted for 59% of the variance in SPA. Self-esteem entered first, and BF%, followed by body-esteem and PBC. The psychological variables accounted for 57% of the variance with self-esteem contributing the most (R square change = 45%). Contrary to previous research, BF% did not significantly contribute to SPA. Additionally, a MANOVA and follow- up ANOVA and Scheffe's tests revealed significant sport differences among SPA, self-esteem, and body-esteem.
Cognition and Perception | Developmental Psychology | Education | Health Psychology | Kinesiology | Sports Sciences | Sports Studies
Martin, J. J., Engels, H.J., Wirth, J.C., & Smith, K. (1997). Predictors of social physique anxiety in elite female youth athletes. Women in Sport and Physical Activity Journal, 6(1), 29-48.